• Document: Calhoun: The NPS Institutional Archive Theses and Dissertations Thesis Collection Southern Philippines and the policy of the second front in the global war on terrorism Choi, Jihoon P. Mon...
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Calhoun: The NPS Institutional Archive Theses and Dissertations Thesis Collection 2009-09 Southern Philippines and the policy of the second front in the global war on terrorism Choi, Jihoon P. Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School http://hdl.handle.net/10945/4573 NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES AND THE POLICY OF THE SECOND FRONT IN THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM by Jihoon P. Choi September 2009 Thesis Co-Advisors: Sophal Ear Michael S. Malley Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington DC 20503. 1. AGENCY USE ONLY (Leave blank) 2. REPORT DATE 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED September 2009 Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Southern Philippines and the Policy of the Second 5. FUNDING NUMBERS Front in the Global War on Terrorism 6. AUTHOR(S) Jihoon P. Choi 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION Naval Postgraduate School REPORT NUMBER Monterey, CA 93943-5000 9. SPONSORING /MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSORING/MONITORING N/A AGENCY REPORT NUMBER 11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES The views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government. 12a. DISTRIBUTION / AVAILABILITY STATEMENT 12b. DISTRIBUTION CODE Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited 13. ABSTRACT (maximum 200 words) This thesis analyzes the effects of the United States’ policy of the second front in the global war on terrorism (GWOT) on the conflict in the southern Philippines. The policy’s reliance on intervention measures that are both “preemptive” and “direct” by military means echoes Mearsheimer's argument that "simply put, great powers are primed for offense." The question may be asked: how effective is the second front policy in terms of resolving the conflict? The ongoing violence in the southern Philippines, since the policy’s inception in early 2002, suggests its ineffectiveness in addressing the root causes of the conflict. This thesis investigates the history of the Moro and the Mindanao conflict to determine the root causes of the conflicts. On the foundation of the existing theory of conflict resolution, the thesis then performs an analysis of the past peace processes. Following the analysis are the recommendations for future policy and peace negotiations: A comprehensive peace policy that clearly distinguishes armed terrorists from Islamic separatists with legitimate political grievances and applies direct and indirect approaches accordingly. For future peace negotiations, the thesis recommends that both the GRP and the MILF to concentrate their efforts on building trust and consensus at all levels of society. The thesis concludes with recommendations on future studies. 14. SUBJECT TERMS Philippines, Mindanao, Moro, MNLF, MILF, ASG, Terrorism, Muslim 15. NUMBER OF Separatism, Conflict Resolution PAGES 111 16. PRICE CODE 17. SECURITY 18. SECURITY 19. SECURITY 20. LIMITATION OF CLASSIFICATION OF CLASSIFICATION OF THIS CLASSIFICATION OF ABSTRACT REPORT

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