• Document: OFFICIAL. Ngati Tama Ancillary Claims. Wai 143. '-.1,~ ~f
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OFFICIAL '-.1 ,~ "'<It ~f ,_. Wai 143 Ngati Tama Ancillary Claims by Dr Giselle Byrnes, November 1995 ( ( WAI 143: NGATI TAMA ANCILLARY CLAIMS INTRODUCTION Ngati Tama's claim against the Crown, under the Treaty of Waitangi Act 1975, falls into two distinct categories. a. The first involves the lands of the traditional Ngati Tama estate which were declared confiscated under the provisions of the New Zealand Settlements Act 1863, approximately 74,000 acres. 1 The claims on the Pukearuhe Historic Reserve, the Ngarautika Block, Pukearuhe Town Belt Sections 6, 7 & 8, and Section 94 are included within this territory. b. The second involves that land north of the confiscation line which Ngati Tama claim was a part of their traditional rohe prior to European settlement. This includes the Mohakatino Parininihi and the Mokau Mohakatino Blocks, approximateley 122,000 acres, which were vested in Ngati Maniapoto by a decision of the Native Land Court on 20 June 1882.2 Ngati Tama claim that this decision of the Court deprived them of their traditional tribal lands and constituted a breach of the Treaty of Waitangi. 3 In addition to these discrete claims, Ngati Tama claim that the arbitrary placing of the northern confiscation boundary at Te Horo prejudicially affected Ngati Tama whose rohe was bisected, and that confiScation and illegal purchases deprived Ngati Tama of their link to their tupuna, Taranaki maunga, along with other iwi of Taranaki. 4 Ngatt Tama further claim that confiscation robbed them of their ancient lands, access to forest resources, title and control to their traditional fresh and saltwater fisheries and to the beds of rivers and foreshore within their rohe. 5 Ngati Tama therefore claim that the actions of the Crown, by confiscation and by Native Land Court sanctioned actions, deprived Ngati Tama of 196,000 acres, thereby leaving them virtually landless.6 1 'Report of the Sim Commission', AJHR, 1928, Vol. IT, G-7. 2 Mokau Waitara Minute Book 1/3, Wanganui Maori Land Court; Department of Survey and Land Information, 1990, cited in F19, Wai 143, p. 7. 3 F19, Wai 143, p. 8. 4 Amended Statement of Claim, 28.4.95, Wai 143, #12.9. 5 Ibid., #12.8. 6 Ibid., #12.19; F19, Wai 143, p. 35. These reports have been researched and written by Dr Giselle Byrnes, a historian commissioned by the Waitangi Tribunal in March 1995 to investigate these five Ngati Tama ancillary, or discrete claims in North TaranakF I have a Doctor of Philosophy in History from the University of Auckland, and prior to my appointment at the Tribunal I was employed as a Tutor and Lecturer in New Zealand history at the University of Auckland. While every effort has been made to produce comprehensive reports, time restraints have prevented me from fully exploring the significance of these claims in the wider context of the land confiscations in Taranaki. 30 November 1995 ( ... -.--~- ..- ..- . -.....- ...- ..-.-........ _ -._-- ... 7 See Appendix 1 for a copy of this commission. A Report Commissioned by the Waitangi Tribunal for the Taranaki claim (Wai 143) concermng THE MOHAKATINa P ARININIHI BLOCK AND THE MOKAU MOHAKATINO NO.1 BLOCK by Dr Giselle M. Byrnes Any conclusions drawn or opinions expressed are those of the author ( ( Table of Contents 1. Introduction 1 2. The Location 2 3. The Claim 2 4. History of Maori Occupation 3 4.1 Ngati Tama in the rohe 3 4.2 'Debatable ground': Ngati Tama and Ngati Maniapoto 6 4.3 The migrations of Ngati Tama 8 4.4 The return of Ngati Tama 9 5. Land Sales 10 Part One: The Mokau Blocks and the Native Land Court 11 6. The agreement between Ngati Tama and Ngati Maniapoto 11 6.1 The invitation to return 11 6.2 Wetere and the King 13 6.3 The Native Land Court 14 7. The Native Land Court hearing at Waitara, June 1882 15 7:1 The Ngati Ma

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