• Document: GRZYBY AFYLLOFOROIDALNE KASZUBSKIEGO PARKU KRAJOBRAZOWEGO TOM 1. CHARAKTERYSTYKA MYKOBIOTY
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Acta Botanica Cassubica Monographiae 7 Katedra Taksonomii Roœlin i Ochrony Przyrody Uniwersytetu Gdañskiego Dariusz Karasiñski GRZYBY AFYLLOFOROIDALNE KASZUBSKIEGO PARKU KRAJOBRAZOWEGO TOM 1. CHARAKTERYSTYKA MYKOBIOTY Gdañsk 2016 Redakcja JOANNA BLOCH-OR£OWSKA – redaktor naczelna MARTA KRAS – sekretarz redakcji RYSZARD MARKOWSKI DARIUSZ L. SZLACHETKO KATARZYNA ¯Ó£KOŒ TOMASZ S. OLSZEWSKI Komitet redakcyjny WIES£AW FA£TYNOWICZ – Uniwersytet Wroc³awski JACEK HERBICH – Uniwersytet Gdañski KAROL LATOWSKI – Uniwersytet im. A. Mickiewicza w Poznaniu ANDRZEJ NIENARTOWICZ – Uniwersytet Miko³aja Kopernika w Toruniu Acta Botanica Cassubica, Monographiae jest czasopismem recenzowanym Druk sfinansowany przez: Rektora Uniwersytetu Gdañskiego ds. Nauki Dziekana Wydzia³u Biologii Uniwersytetu Gdañskiego Projekt ok³adki – TOMASZ S. OLSZEWSKI Fotografia na ok³adce – Climacodon septentrionalis na k³odzie buka w rez. „Zamkowa Góra” (fot. DARIUSZ KARASIÑSKI) Fragment haftu kaszubskiego na ok³adce wykorzystano za zgod¹ wydawcy – Oficyny Czec. Copyright © by Katedra Taksonomii Roœlin i Ochrony Przyrody Uniwersytetu Gdañskiego, Gdañsk 2016 PL ISSN 1732-5064 Sk³ad i ³amanie: URSZULA JÊDRYCZKA Liczba arkuszy: 11,8 Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdañskiego ul. Armii Krajowej 119/121, 81-824 Sopot tel./fax 58 523 11 37, tel. 725 991 206 e-mail: wydawnictwo@ug.gda.pl www.wyd.ug.edu.pl Ksiêgarnia internetowa: www.kiw.ug.edu.pl Grzyby afylloforoidalne Kaszubskiego Parku Krajobrazowego Tom 1. Charakterystyka mykobioty Aphylloporoid fungi of the Kaszuby Landscape Park Vol. 1. Characteristics of the mycobiota Dariusz Karasiñski Zak³ad Mykologii, Instytut Botaniki im. W³adys³awa Szafera Polskiej Akademii Nauk, ul. Lubicz 46, 31-512 Kraków, Polska, e-mail: d.karasinski@botany.pl Pracê tê dedykujê Profesorowi W³adys³awowi Wojewodzie (1932-2010) ABSTRACT: Mycological inventory focused on diversity of aphyllophoroid fungi were car- ried out in the Kaszuby Landscape Park (KLP) in the northern Poland during the years 2007-2010. This is the first complex study on aphyllophoroid fungi of the study area. Field surveys covered the whole Park area but without the buffer zone. The inventory was made by the route method. The field cartogram was used as a supplementary method. The total number of the collected specimens were 3422, from which 3048 were determined to species or variety. Among them 395 taxa of aphyllohoroid fungi were recog- nized. There were 389 species, 2 varieties and 4 taxa new to science, which were deter- mined to the genus rank. After considering 3 species, whose localities are known from the literature data, but in the current field studies have not been confirmed, we can say that currently 398 taxa of aphyllophoroid fungi have been recorded in the Park area. They representing phylum Basidiomycota and class Agaricomycetes, and belonging to 13 different orders, 59 families (or clades) and 156 genera. The order Polyporales was the richest in the recorded genera as well as species (47 genera and 108 species). The richest in recorded species were genera such as Tomentella and Ramaria, with 18 and 16 species respectively. Sixty six species and varieties and 4 genera, such as Athelopsis, Galzinia, Luellia and Tubulicium, have been noted in Poland for the first time. A hundred and eight spe- cies are considered as endangered and listed on the red list of macrofungi threatened in Poland with threat categories: Ex (extinct and probably extinct) – 4 species, E (endan- gered) – 40 species, V (vulnerable) – 17, R (rare) – 41 species and I (indeterminate) – 6 spe- Karasiñski D. 2016. Grzyby afylloforoidalne Kaszubskiego Parku Krajobrazowego. – Acta Bot. Cassub., Monogr. 7: 1-198. 4 Dariusz Karasiñski cies. 10 aphyllophoroid species recorded in the Park belong to the fungi protected by law in Poland, and 39 species are classified as indicators of old-growth and natural forests. Saprobic taxa (saprotrophs) were most numerous among trophic groups and they were represented by 295 species (74% of all recorded), 75 species belonged to ectomycorrhizal symbionts (19%) and 28 species were parasites (7%). Fungi were collected from 43 different kinds of substrates, including 31 species of trees and shrubs. Fungi associated with deciduous trees and their wood (256 species) were more numerous than species associated with coniferous trees and their wood (165 species). In the KLP Fagus sylvatica and its wood was a potential mycorrhizal partner, host and substrate to the largest number of species. 149 species associated with beech by different trophic relations were recognized. Picea abies was the second tree species with the largest number of associated fungi (125 species), among them 29 species were noted in the Park exclusively on spruce. For all the species, whic

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