• Document: Socioeconomic Study and Proposal for Livelihood Improvements: Badin and Thatta Districts, Sindh, Pakistan
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Socioeconomic Study and Proposal for Livelihood Improvements: Badin and Thatta Districts, Sindh, Pakistan April 25, 2005 Agriculture and Rural Development Sector Unit South Asia Region Document of the World Bank CURRENCY Currency Unit – Pakistan Rupees (Rs) US$1 = Rs 58 Acronyms and Abbreviations ADB Asian Development Bank AWB Area Water Board CARW Creation of Assets for Rural Women CIF Community Investment Fund DCO District Coordination Officer EDO Executive District Officer FAO Food and Agriculture Organization GDP Gross domestic Product GOP Government of Pakistan GOS Government of Sindh HANDS Health and Nutrition Development Society ICZM Integrated Coastal Zone Management IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources LBOD Left Bank Outfall Drain MAF Million Acre Feet NCHD National Commission for Human Development NGOs Non Governmental Organizations NIO National Institute of Oceanography NRSP National Rural Support Program OFWM On Farm Water Management PEPA Pakistan Environment Protection Agency PFF Pakistan Fisher Folk Forum PMU Project Management Unit RBOD Right Bank Outfall Drain SCDRP Sindh Coastal Rehabilitation Project SRSP Sindh Rural Support Program SPO Strengthening Participatory Organizations SUPARCO Space and Upper Atmospheric Research Organization TMA Tehsil Municipal Administration WAPDA Water and Power Development Authority WWF World Wide Fund for Nature GLOSSARY OF LOCAL TERMS USED Deh A little bigger than a village. Equivalent to a Mauza in Punjab. Several Goths constitute a Deh Goth The smallest unit of settlement which can be equated with a hamlet or village. Dhand Shallow water lakes formed in a depression. Hari Tenant or peasant Kamdar The supervisor or manager for the large landlord who supervises the tenants and makes on the pot decision for the absent landlord. Katcha The area adjoining the river which used to bring the fertile silts and was highly prized for cultivation. Title for this land was not traditionally allocated to anyone and in theory it was used on a first come first served basis. Kharif Summer cropping season Rabi Winter cropping season Seth Wealthy or influential owner. Taluka Administrative tier below the district. Zamindar Landlord TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ...................................................................................................... i Implementation Arrangement..................................................................................... vi 1. Introduction ................................................................................................................... 1 Background...................................................................................................................... 1 Methodology.................................................................................................................... 1 2. Overview of Coastal Districts ....................................................................................... 3 Historical Context............................................................................................................ 3 Population Dynamics and Profile .................................................................................... 4 Migratory Trends............................................................................................................. 5 Sources of Income and Livelihoods ................................................................................ 6 Overview of the Fishing Sector ....................................................................................... 8 Livestock Sector ............................................................................................................ 12 Asset Ownership............................................................................................................ 12 Employment and Incomes ............................................................................................. 13 Enterprise and Industrial Sector..................................................................................... 14 Social Outcome Indicators............................................................................................. 14 Physical Infrastructure ................................................................................................... 16 Social and Political Aspects........................................................................................... 17 Gender Dimension................................................................

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