• Document: Chapter 15 Quiz Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Figure Use Figure A daily measurement of toxic emissions in Maine measures 0.070
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Chapter 15 Quiz Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Figure 15-1 ____ 1. Use Figure 15-1. A daily measurement of toxic emissions in Maine measures 0.070 ppm. What amount of that would be attributed to gasoline powered automobiles such as a 4-door sedan? a. 0.052 ppm b. 0.039 ppm c. 0.031 ppm d. 0.021 ppm e. 0.018 ppm ____ 2. How does Chattanooga’s location make it more susceptible to pollution? a. Its tropical location causes high temperatures, which increases air pollution. b. Its coastal location exposes it to pollution from the sea. c. Its extremely cold location means that the pollution from snow builds up over time. d. Its location on a large, flat plain exposes it to the wind, which carries air pollution. e. Its location in a bowl formed by mountains causes air pollution to get trapped. © 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers Chapter 15 ____ 3. Early air pollution legislation in the United States sought to control all of the following EXCEPT a. NOX emissions b. CO2 emissions c. open burning d. sulfur content in fuel e. emissions from industrial smokestacks ____ 4. If a municipality wanted to take measures to decrease its air pollution, the largest impact would come from a. switching its city fleets of vehicles to natural gas from gasoline b. a voluntary recycling program c. limiting the new businesses start-ups in the area d. constructing new landfills e. requiring specific materials be used in the manufacture of new homes ____ 5. Ground level ozone is classified as a pollutant because it reduces lung functionality AND a. its concentrations are low but the particle size is high b. it occurs in the atmosphere only c. it is entirely anthropogenic in nature d. it can degrade plant surfaces e. it is an unstable molecule ____ 6. Which of the following correctly lists the 6 “criteria” air pollutants as specified under the Clean Air Act? a. Pb, SO2, NOX, CO, PM, and tropospheric O3 b. Tropospheric O3, SO2, NOX, PM, Pb, and CO2 c. SO2, NOX, Hg, Pb, PM, and O3 d. SO4, NOX, CO, PM, Pb, and tropospheric O3 e. SO2, NOX, CO, Hg, PM, and tropospheric O3 ____ 7. Which of the following is INCORRECT regarding SO2? a. It is a respiratory irritant b. It can adversely affect plant tissues c. It has only anthropogenic sources d. It results from the combustion of coal and oil e. It is a corrosive gas ____ 8. Which of the following is INCORRECT regarding CO? a. It is a product of respiration b. It is an odorless, colorless gas c. It is a product of incomplete combustion d. It is a common vehicle emission e. It can be a dangerous indoor pollutant ____ 9. Which of the following is a secondary pollutant involved in photochemical smog? a. Stratospheric O3 b. Tropospheric O3 c. CO d. CO2 e. SO2 © 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers Chapter 15 ____ 10. Which of the following pollutants bonds with hemoglobin thereby interfering with O2 transport in the blood stream? a. CO2 b. CO c. O3 d. NO e. PM ____ 11. Which of the following pollutants would most adversely affect respiratory tracts? a. Mercury b. Lead c. PM2.5 d. PM10 e. CO2 ____ 12. The smog that frequently exists in major metropolitan areas such as Los Angeles, CA is known as brown smog and consists primarily of what component? a. fog b. ozone c. sulfate compounds d. carbon particulate matter e. smoke ____ 13. The air pollutant that is a metal and is released primarily from the combustion of coal is a. lead b. mercury c. arsenic d. sulfur e. none of the above © 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers Chapter 15 Figure 15-2 © 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers Chapter 15 ____ 14. Use Figure 15-2. Which of the following statements about California air quality on Aug. 25, 2010, is correct? a. Every California city shown on the map had an unhealthy AQI at some point on that day. b. In the early morning, most of California had an unhealthy AQI. c. Most of the state never reached a Moderate AQI on that day. d. The air quality between Sacramento and Los Angeles became much worse over the course of the day. e. Air quality appears to be worst along the coast of the state. __

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