• Document: GCSE ENGLISH LANGUAGE FOR TEACHING FROM 2015 COMPONENT 2 ADDITIONAL ASSESSMENT MATERIALS 1 2 SECTION A: 40 MARKS Answer all of the following questions The separate Resource Material for us...
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GCSE ENGLISH LANGUAGE FOR TEACHING FROM 2015 COMPONENT 2 ADDITIONAL ASSESSMENT MATERIALS 1 2 SECTION A: 40 MARKS Answer all of the following questions The separate Resource Material for use with Section A is a newspaper article, `Reinventing the Wheel`, by Charles Starmer-Smith. The extract opposite is an extract from a book, `A Wheel within a Wheel` written by Frances Willard. Read the newspaper article `Reinventing the Wheel` in the separate Resource Material. A1. (a) Name one place or area where Charles Starmer-Smith has enjoyed cycling. [1] (b) Name one cyclist Charles Starmer-Smith says has helped to increase the popularity of cycling. [1] (c) Give one reason, according to the writer, why Britain is such a good place to cycle. [1] A2. How does Charles Starmer-Smith show that cycling is an enjoyable activity? You should comment on: • what he says; • his use of language and tone [10] To answer the following questions you will need to read the extract opposite by Frances Willard. A3. (a) How old was Frances Willard when she learned to ride a bike? [1] (b) According to the extract, why is cycling especially good exercise? [1] (c) Why did Frances Willard not choose horseback riding as her form of exercise? [1] A4. What do you think and feel about Frances Willard’s experiences of learning to ride a bicycle? [10] You should comment on: • what she tells readers about how and why she learned to ride a bicycle; • how she explains the experience of learning to ride. You must refer to the text to support your comments To answer the following questions you will need to use both texts. A5. Using information from both texts explain how the clothing and equipment used when cycling has changed over time. [4] A6. Both of these texts are about cycling. Compare: (a) how the writers feel about cycling; (b) how they make their views clear to the reader. [10] You must use the text to support your comments and make it clear which text you are referring to. 3 Towards the end of the nineteenth century, cycling became much more popular. Although it was unusual, some women also began to cycle. In her book, `A Wheel within a Wheel`, Frances Willard writes about why and how she learned to ride a bicycle. Not a single friend encouraged me to learn to ride the bicycle except a young school- teacher who came several times with her bike and gave me lessons. But at fifty-three I was at more disadvantage than most people, for not only had I the problems that result from the unnatural style of dress, but I also suffered from a lack of exercise. Those who loved me best, and who considered themselves largely responsible for me, did not encourage me, but thought I should, " break my bones " and "spoil my future." It must be said, however, to their everlasting praise, that they raised no objection when they saw that I was firmly set to do this thing; Many doctors are now coming to regard the bicycle as beneficial to the health of women as well as of men and I agree entirely with them. One doctor said: "As an exercise, bicycling is superior to most, if not all, other activities. It takes one into the outdoor air; it is entirely under control; can be made gentle or vigorous as one desires; is active; takes the rider away from the thoughts and cares of his daily work; and develops his attention and independence. Moreover, the exercise is well and equally distributed over almost the whole body, and no muscle is likely to be over-exercised." Needless to say, when I was learning to ride a bicycling costume was necessary. This consisted of a skirt and blouse of tweed, with belt, rolling collar, and loose cravat, the skirt three inches from the ground; a round straw hat, and walking-shoes with gaiters. It was a simple, modest suit, to which no person of common sense could take exception. If I am asked to explain why I learned the bicycle I should say I did it because my doctor kept telling me, "Live out of doors and take much exercise" but I have always hated walking and horseback- riding, which does promise vigorous exercise, is expensive. The bicycle meets all the conditions to keep healthy. Therefore, I learned to ride. I did it from pure natural love of adventure, and because a good many people thought I could not do it at my age. As nearly as I can m

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