• Document: Tilburg University. Formulaicity in Jbala poetry Gintsburg, Sarali. Document version: Publisher's PDF, also known as Version of record
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Tilburg University Formulaicity in Jbala poetry Gintsburg, Sarali Document version: Publisher's PDF, also known as Version of record Publication date: 2014 Link to publication Citation for published version (APA): Gintsburg, S. Y. (2014). Formulaicity in Jbala poetry Tilburg: Tilburg University General rights Copyright and moral rights for the publications made accessible in the public portal are retained by the authors and/or other copyright owners and it is a condition of accessing publications that users recognise and abide by the legal requirements associated with these rights. - Users may download and print one copy of any publication from the public portal for the purpose of private study or research - You may not further distribute the material or use it for any profit-making activity or commercial gain - You may freely distribute the URL identifying the publication in the public portal Take down policy If you believe that this document breaches copyright, please contact us providing details, and we will remove access to the work immediately and investigate your claim. Download date: 15. May. 2018 Formulaicity in Jbala Poetry Formulaicity in Jbala Poetry PROEFSCHRIFT ter verkrijging van de graad van doctor aan Tilburg University op gezag van de rector magnificus, prof. dr. Ph. Eijlander, in het openbaar te verdedigen ten overstaan van een door het college voor promoties aangewezen commissie in de Ruth First zaal van de Universiteit op dinsdag 11 februari 2014 om 16.15 uur door Sarali Yurievna Gintsburg geboren op 10 december 1976 te Sint-Petersburg, Rusland Promotores: prof. dr. Ad Backus prof. dr. Sjaak Kroon Copromotor: dr. Jan Jaap de Ruiter Overige leden van de commissie: prof. dr. Jan Blommaert dr. Anna Bonifazi prof. dr. Odile Heynders prof. Ángeles Vicente ISBN/EAN 978-94-6167-180-6 Cover design by PrismaPrint © Sarali Gintsburg, 2014 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any other means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without permission of the author. Table of Contents Preface 9 Transcription 11 1 Introduction 15 1.1 Traveling to Morocco 15 1.2 Significance of the Study 17 1.3 Structure of the Thesis 19 2 Research on Formulaic Language and Literacy Studies 21 2.1 Albert Lord and the Further Evolution of Formulaic Theory 21 2.2 Further Developments 24 2.3 The Parry-Lord Theory and Arabic Poetry 25 2.4 Formulaic Language, Everyday Speech and Literacy 28 2.5 Literacy: History of Literacy Studies 31 2.5.1 The Theory of Great Divide 31 2.5.2 New Literacies Studies and Grassroots Literacies 32 2.5.3 Literacy in the Arab World 34 2.6 The Definition of Literacy as applied in this Study 38 3 Jbala Folklore: Language, Poetry, Music, Performance 41 3.1 Morocco, Sketch of a Multilingual Society 41 3.1.1 Multiple Languages 41 3.1.2 Moroccan Arabic 43 3.2 Genres 44 3.2.1 Music Genres in Morocco 44 3.2.2 The Genres of the Jbala 47 3.3 The Performance 55 3.3.1 Live Performance 55 3.3.2 Studio Recording 58 3.4 Themes and Poetic Structure 60 3.5 Jbala Tradition Today: Between Traditionalism and Artistic Creativity 64 6 F OR MULAIC IT Y IN J BALA P OETRY 4 Research Questions and Methodology 69 4.1 Research Questions 69 4.2 The Operationalization of Formulaicity 71 4.2.1 The Definition and Detection of Formulas in the Poetic Text 71 4.2.2 Types of Formulaicity 73 4.2.3 The Classification of Formulas 81 4.2.4 Level of Formulaicity 85 4.3 Literacy 86 4.4 Other Factors 89 5 The Corpus 93 5.1 The Three Corpora 93 5.2 Core Corpus: The Four Singers 95 5.2.1 Mohammed Laaroussi 96 5.2.2 Lahcen Laaroussi 97 5.2.3 Latifa Laaroussia 99 5.2.4 Abdelmalek al-Andaloussi 100 5.3 The Secondary Corpus 102 5.3.1 Secondary Corpus I: Audio Records made in the 1960s and 1990s 102 5.3.2 Secondary Corpus II: Old Printed Materials 104 6 Formulaicity in Modern Jbala Poetry: Results 107 6.1 Formulaic Analysis 107 6.2 The Level of Formulaicity of the Four Singers 109 6.2.1 Mohammed Laaroussi 109 6.2.2 Lahcen Laaroussi 112 6.2.3 Latifa Laaroussia 114 6.2.4 Abdelmalek al-Andaloussi 116 6.2.5 Non-Formulaic Songs 119 6.3 Jbala Poetry and Formulaicity 122 6.4 Literacy Skills of the Jbala Singers 133 6.4.1 Mohammed Laaroussi 134 6.4.2 Lahcen Laaroussi 134 6.4.3 Latifa Laaroussia 135 6.4.4 Abdelmalek al-Andaloussi 136 6.4.5 Level of Literacy of the Four Singers and Formulaicity 137 6.5 Context Factors 140 T ABLE OF C ONTENTS

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