• Document: AND DATA PROCESSING IN FOURIER TRANSFORM NMR
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0079 6565/X0/0301 0027SO5.00/0 DIGITISATION AND DATA PROCESSING IN FOURIER TRANSFORM NMR J. C. LINDON and A. G. FERRIG~ Department of Physical Chemistry, Wellcome Research Laboratories, Langley Court, Beckenham, Kent BR3 3BS, 1J.K. (Received 17 December 1979) CONTENTS 1. Introduction 28 1,I. Aims of the Review 28 1.2. FTNMR Computer Systems 28 2. Digitisation 29 2.1 Signal-to-Noise 29 2.1.1. Signal averaging 29 2.1.2. Signal-to-noise in time and frequency domains 30 2.2. Hardware Requirements 30 2.2.1. Sample-and-hold 30 2.2.2. Analog-to-digital conversion 31 2.2.3. ADC resolution and error sources 32 2.3. Sampling Rates and Timing 33 2.4. Quantisation Errors 33 2.5. Signal Overflow 34 2.5.1. Introduction 34 2.5.2. Possible number of scans 34 2.5.3. Scaling of memory and ADC 35 2.5.4. Normalised averaging 36 2.5.5. Double length averaging 31 2.6. Signal Averaging in the Presence of Large Signals 37 2.6.1. Number of scans and ADC resolution 37 2.6.2. Spectroscopic methods of improving dynamic range 40 2.6.3. Block averaging 40 2.6.4. Double length averaging 41 2.7 Summary of Averaging Methods 42 3. Manipulations Prior to Fourier Transformation 43 3.1. Zero Filling 43 3.2 Sensitivity Enhancement 45 3.2.1. Introduction 45 3.2.2. Apodisation methods 45 3.3. Resolution Enhancement 47 3.3.1. Introduction and spectroscopic methods 47 3.3.2. Convolution difference 48 3.3.3. Increasing exponential 48 3.3.4. Trapezoidal function 48 3.3.5. Sinebell function 48 3.3.6. LIRE 48 3.3.7. Gaussian transformation 49 3.3.8. Enhancement of absolute value spectra 49 3.3.9. Comparison of the methods 50 4. Fourier Transformation 52 4.1, Continuous vs Discrete Transforms

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